How was the Site of the Ming Tombs Chosen? - Beijing Destination Guide
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How was the Site of the Ming Tombs Chosen?

Inscriptions on tortoise shells showed that the Chinese word for tombs had the same meaning with the word "nothing" which means buring underground and being void.

Confucius considered it necessary to earth up and build a tomb as a sign for the coming generations to pay tributes to their ancestors, since then, tombs evolved in the grave ground and their sizes differed according to their rank of the dead. The tomb of the emperor was the largest and most sumptuous. Actually, it was a mausoleum.

Although Beijing has been a capital city for five dynasties, the tombs of the Ming emperors are the only ones in the modern Beijing. The tombs of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125) are in northeastern China, and those of the Qing emperors (1644-1911) are 125 Km away from Beijing. The Tombs of the Jin emperors were destroyed at the end of the Ming Dynasty. The tombs of the Yuan emperors didn't survive either.

Yuan emperors didn't have any mausolemns. The reason was quite simple: Yuan Emperors were all nomads from the Mongolian Steppe, they held the belief that they should return to earth after death, because earth was where they bad come from. They simply placed the dead inside a hollowed Nanmu tree, which was then buried under the grassland soon it would be difficult to find any traces of the tomb.

However, the Ming Emperors were Han Chinese who believed the existance of an after-world, where the dead would live a life similar to that of the living. Therefore, Ming emperors bad grand mausoleums built for themselves in the Ming Dynasty, the mausoleums had become a big building which has a square walled city called Baochen in the front and a precious top called Baoding in the back.

The Mausoleum area is composed of 13 tombs for the Ming emperors, each of which was built between a hill and a stream. The site was chosen with the greatest care, taking the feng shui (heavenly wind and earthly water) into account.

Before moving the capital to Beijing, Ming Chengzu, Zhu Di, sent people to Beijing to select proper site for mausoleum, they spent three years traveling around Beijing and through figuring out the intention of the emperor, considered that the small basin at the foot of Huang Tu Hill, 10 Km north of Changping Town, with an area of 40 square kilometer, was ideal site of geomantic omen.

Zhu Di himself inspected the site, be found out the place was broad in space, screened by hills, having deep clear water, slow flows, and thick earth and infinite build of vision. In the north it neighbours the Juyongguan Pass, in the south is Changping City, an army could be stationed here to guard the mausoleums and defend Beijing. The geomancers suggested that from geomantic point of view, the site was rare and ideal. Zhu Di was satisfied and ordered starting construction of Mausoleum. He renamed Huang Tu Hill as the Hill of Heavenly Longevity.

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Beijing Ming Tombs Tours

Badaling Great Wall & Ming Tombs Small Group TourCool --- from US$25
As a Chinese proverb goes, 'If not been on the Great Wall, not a great man.' On this full-day tour, you will climb the Badaling Great Wall, visit Ming Tombs unbeatable Beijing Coach tour package, Departure daily.

Mutianyu Great Wall & Underground Palace (Dingling) Small Group Tour --- from US$30
Visit the underground palace in the Ming Tombs (Dingling), then enjoy the most beautiful & green section of the Great Wall, return to downtown. Departure: daily.

Badaling Great Wall and Ming Tombs (Changling) Private Day TourCool --- from US$54
Valuable one day private tour package covers the trip to the Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tomb (Changling Tomb) and Olympic Stadium (exterior visit) enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

Badaling Great Wall & Underground Palace (Dingling - Ming Tombs) Private Day Tour --- from US$54
Private tour package covers the trip to the Badaling Great Wall, Underground Palace (Dingling - Ming Tombs) and Olympic Stadium (exterior visit) enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

Mutianyu Great Wall & Ming Tombs (Changling) Private Day Tour --- from US$56
Visit the world famous Mutianyu Great Wall, the most beautiful and green section of the Great Wall in Beijing, and Ming Tombs (Changling).

Mutianyu Great Wall & Underground Palace (Dingling - Ming Tombs) Private Day Tour --- from US$56
The private tour covers the trip to Mutianyu Great Wall and Ming Tombs (Dingling-the Underground Palace), enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

2-Day Beijing Group Tour Package A --- from US$70
1 day Badaling Great Wall & Ming tombs group tour.
1 day Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & Summer Palace group tour.
Enjoy 2 Chinese lunches on the tour.
Enjoy comfortable air-conditioned coach.
Daily Departure Small Group Tours.
Enjoy Airport Private Transfer Service

2-Day Beijing Group Tour Package B --- from US$74
1 day Mutianyu Great Wall and Underground Palace (Dingling)small group tour.
1 day Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & Summer Palace group tour.
Enjoy 2 Chinese lunches on the tour.
Enjoy comfortable air-conditioned coach.
Daily Departure Small Group Tours.
Enjoy Airport Private Transfer Service

Beijing Highlight 2-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$107
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Dingling), Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace.

Beijing Classic 2-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$107
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City (Including the Hall of Clocks and Watches and the Treasure Hall) , Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace.

4-Day Kaichuang Golden Street Business Hotel Coach Tour Package --- from US$146
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Kaichuang Golden Street Business Hotel(3 star, including breakfast) accommodation & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

3-Day Classic Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$149
3-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Dingling), Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Hutong Tour and Beijing Zoo Panda.

Beijing Classic 4-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$149
4-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Mutianyu Great Wall, Hutong Tour, Ming Tombs (Dingling) and Summer Palace.

Special 4-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$157
Attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Changling), Temple of Heaven and Old Beijing Hutong Tour.

3-Day Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$157
3-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Hutong, Lama Temple and Beijing Zoo Panda.

4-Day Beijing King Parkview Hotel Small Group Tour Package --- from US$159
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Beijing King Parkview Hotel(3 star, located in Wangfujing) accommodation & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

5-Day Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$165
5-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Badaling Great Wall, Ming tombs, Summer Palace & Beijing Hutong by rickshaw, Lama Temple and Beijing Zoo Panda.

4-Day Beijing Dongfang Hotel Small Group Tour Package --- from US$170
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Beijing Dongfang Hotel (4 star, including breakfast) accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

4 Day Beijing LuSongYuan Hotel Tour Package --- from US$181
Stay in the most distinctive courtyard, Beijng LuSongYuan Hotel. Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night hotel accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

5-Day Special Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$184
5-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Shichahai Hutong, Opium Street, Drum Tower, Old Beijing Hutong, Mutianyu Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Summer Palace, Capital Museum & Temple of Heaven.

4-Day Jinqiao International Garden Apartment Beijing Coach Tour Package --- from US$199
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Jinqiao International Garden Apartment accommodation including breakfast & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

4 Day Jianguo Garden Hotel Tour Package --- from US$213
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Jianguo Garden Hotel (5 star, including breakfast) accommodation & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

Popular 6-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$217
Attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Peking Roast Duck, Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Changling), Temple of Heaven, Beihai Park, Jingshan Park, Old Beijing Hutong Tour, Beijing Panda House, Lama Temple, Chinese Acrobatics Show (Kung Fu Show or Peking Opera).

4-Day Beijing Sunworld Hotel Coach Tour Package --- from US$220
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Beijing Sunworld Hotel (4 star, including breakfast) accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

Tianjin Cruise Home Port to Beijing 2-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$232
Pick up from Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) to Beijing, 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs. Then transfer back to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Lusongyuan Hotel Accommodation --- from US$239
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in the most distinctive courtyard, Beijng LuSongYuan Hotel ("the most distinctive courtyard" in Beijing, located near Nanluoguxiang) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Jinqiao International Garden Apartment Accommodation --- from US$257
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in Jinqiao International Garden Apartment (4 star hotel service apartment, near Jianguomen/Beijing Railway Station area) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Wangfujing Grand Hotel Accommodation --- from US$260
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in Beijing Wangfujing Grand Hotel (5 star deluxe hotel located in Wangfujing Area) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port ( now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Tianjin Cruise Home Port to Beijing 2-Day Private Tour Package including King Parkview Hotel Accommodation --- from US$262
Pick up from Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) to Beijing, stay in King Parkview Hotel (3 star hotel´╝î located in Wangfujing area) 1 night and 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs. Then transfer back to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port.

Tianjin Cruise Home Port to Beijing 2-Day Private Tour Package including Beijing Dongfang Hotel Accommodation --- from US$268
Pick up from Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) to Beijing, stay in Beijing Dongfang Hotel (4 star deluxe hotel, located in Qianmen Area) 1 night and 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs. Then transfer back to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Beijing Sunworld Hotel Accommodation --- from US$286
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in Beijing Sunworld Hotel (4 star deluxe hotel located in Wangfujing Area) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port ( now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Tianjin Cruise Home Port to Beijing 2-Day Private Tour Package including Crowne Plaza Beijing Wangfujing Accommodation --- from US$306
Pick up from Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) to Beijing, stay in the Crowne Plaza Beijing Wangfujing 1 night and 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs. Then transfer back to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port.

4-Day Crowne Plaza Beijing Wangfujing Small Group Tour Package --- from US$310
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Crowne Plaza Beijing Wangfujing (5 star, including breakfast) accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

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