The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest at the Temple of Heaven - Beijing Destination Guide
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The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest

The Hall of Prayer for Good HarvestThe highlight of the Temple of Heaven is the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest. The hall was originally built in 1420 based on a model of the Temple of Heaven and Earth in Nanjing. At that time, it was called the Hall of Great Sacrifice. In 1530, the Temple of Earth was built in the northern part of Beijing, so only heaven was worshipped here. The hall was restored in 1751 and given its present name. In 1889, lightning caused extensive fire damage to the hall, but fortunately it was reconstructed.

The hall is a cone-shaped structure with triple eaves. Originally, the triple eaves were painted in different colors. The top was blue, which symbolized Heaven, the middle was yellow to symbolize the emperor and the bottom was green to represent commoners. During the Emperor Qianlong's reign (1736-1795), all the eaves were painted blue to follow the color of the sky.

A six meter high, triple-tiered circular stone terrace forms the base of the structure. The hall is 32 meters high and 30 meters in diameter. In the past, the hall was one of the highest buildings in Beijing. Despite its size, only 28 massive wooden pillars support the entire structure.

A number of wooden bars, laths and brackets join the entire structure together. Steel and cement were not used. The four large pillars in the center are known as the Dragon Well Pillars with each pillar representing one of the four seasons. The other 24 pillars are arranged in two circles surrounding the four central ones. The 12 inner pillars represent the 12 months of the year and the 12 outer pillars represent the divisions of day and night.

The rounding framework is extremely intricate. The first or the lowest roof rests on a circular framework that is supported by the 24 outer pillars. The second roof partially rests on the 12 inner pillars and partially in the circle itself which is supported by crossbeams that are connected to the four Dragon Well Pillars. The third and highest roof rests on the four central pillars and on eight shorter pillars that are built on the same circular framework. A dragon is carved into the center of the rounding and it represents supreme power and royalty.

A round marble stone called the dragon and Phoenix stone lies in the center of the room. Its name comes from pattern of the stone which resembles a dragon and phoenix.

The tablets of heaven and the tablets of dead emperor are found on the platforms. The tablets of heaven are in the center. Silk fabrics, jade carvings, fruit wines and other such items were placed in front of each tablet as an offering. Also, a pig, sheep or a cow was sacrificed at each ceremony.

Rectangular, blue-roofed buildings stood on either side of the courtyard. These buildings originally served as annexes; however, the west building is now a souvenir shop and the east one is an exhibition room for all the musical instruments used in the ceremony.

The Hall of Zenith is located on the lower level north of the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest. The tablets for the ceremony of prayer were usually kept in the Hall of Zenith.  There are many wax statutes that illustrate what an imperial ceremony was like.

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Beijing Temple of Heaven Tours

Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & Summer Palace Small Group TourCool --- from US$34
Classic City Bus Tour, visit Beijing's highlight attractions to touch the face of the metropolitan city on this one-day tour. Departure: daily.

Half Day Temple of Heaven Private Tour --- from US$33
This half day private tour covers the trip to Temple of Heaven, enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

Temple of Heaven & the Summer Palace 1 Day Private Tour --- from US$51
One day private tour package covers the trip to the Temple of Heaven and the Summer Palace, enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

Badaling Great Wall & Temple of Heaven 1 Day Private Tour --- from US$53
Badaling Great Wall, the most popular site, The Temple of Heaven is located in southern Beijing. It is included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1998. With an area of 2.7 million square meters, it is the largest of its kind in the country, enjoy this one day private tour package.

Mutianyu Great Wall and Temple of Heaven 1 Day Private Tour --- from US$54
The private tour covers the trip to Mutianyu Great Wall, Temple of Heaven and have a short exterior visit to the Birds Nest, water cube - the main Olympic Stadium now being built for the 2008 Olympic Games., enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City & Temple of Heaven Private Day Tour --- from US$56
This 1 day private highlight city tour covers the trip to Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven, enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & the Summer Palace Private Day TourCool --- from US$60
Classic one day private tour package covers the trip to the Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and the Summer Palace, enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.

2-Day Beijing Group Tour Package A --- from US$70
1 day Badaling Great Wall & Ming tombs group tour.
1 day Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & Summer Palace group tour.
Enjoy 2 Chinese lunches on the tour.
Enjoy comfortable air-conditioned coach.
Daily Departure Small Group Tours.
Enjoy Airport Private Transfer Service

2-Day Beijing Group Tour Package B --- from US$74
1 day Mutianyu Great Wall and Underground Palace (Dingling)small group tour.
1 day Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & Summer Palace group tour.
Enjoy 2 Chinese lunches on the tour.
Enjoy comfortable air-conditioned coach.
Daily Departure Small Group Tours.
Enjoy Airport Private Transfer Service

Beijing Special 2-Day Private Tour Package B --- from US$80
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Old Beijing Hutong, Beihai Park, Shichahai and Temple of Heaven.

Beijing Popular 2-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$101
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City (including the Hall of Clocks and Watches and the Treasure Hall). and Temple of Heaven.

Beijing Special 2-Day Private Tour Package A --- from US$106
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City and Temple of Heaven.

Beijing Highlight 2-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$107
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Dingling), Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace.

Beijing Classic 2-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$107
The 2-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City (Including the Hall of Clocks and Watches and the Treasure Hall) , Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace.

3-Day Special Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$132
3-day private tour package covers airport transfer and the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Tiananmen Square and Forbidden City.

4-Day Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$138
4-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Badaling Great Wall, Hutong Tour, Beijing Quanjude Roast Duck & Chinese Acrobatics Show (Kung Fu Show or Peking Opera).

Beijing Popular 4-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$148
4-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Mutianyu Great Wall and Hutong Tour.

3-Day Classic Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$149
3-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Mutianyu Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Dingling), Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Hutong Tour and Beijing Zoo Panda.

Beijing Classic 4-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$149
4-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Mutianyu Great Wall, Hutong Tour, Ming Tombs (Dingling) and Summer Palace.

Simatai Great Wall and Beijing City 4-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$152
4-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City (including the Hall of Clocks and Watches and the Treasure Hall), Temple of Heaven, Simatai Great Wall, Summer Palace, Laoshe Tea House.

Special 4-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$157
Attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Changling), Temple of Heaven and Old Beijing Hutong Tour.

3-Day Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$157
3-day private tour package covers the trip to the attractions: Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Hutong, Lama Temple and Beijing Zoo Panda.

4-Day Beijing King Parkview Hotel Small Group Tour Package --- from US$159
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Beijing King Parkview Hotel(3 star, located in Wangfujing) accommodation & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

5-Day Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$165
5-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Badaling Great Wall, Ming tombs, Summer Palace & Beijing Hutong by rickshaw, Lama Temple and Beijing Zoo Panda.

4-Day Beijing Dongfang Hotel Small Group Tour Package --- from US$170
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Beijing Dongfang Hotel (4 star, including breakfast) accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

4 Day Beijing LuSongYuan Hotel Tour Package --- from US$181
Stay in the most distinctive courtyard, Beijng LuSongYuan Hotel. Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night hotel accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

5-Day Special Beijing Private Tour Package --- from US$184
5-day private tour package covers airport transfer & the trip to the attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Shichahai Hutong, Opium Street, Drum Tower, Old Beijing Hutong, Mutianyu Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Summer Palace, Capital Museum & Temple of Heaven.

4-Day Jinqiao International Garden Apartment Beijing Coach Tour Package --- from US$199
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Jinqiao International Garden Apartment accommodation including breakfast & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

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Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Jianguo Garden Hotel (5 star, including breakfast) accommodation & Pick up from hotel to the airport.

Popular 6-Day Private Tour Package --- from US$217
Attractions: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Peking Roast Duck, Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs (Changling), Temple of Heaven, Beihai Park, Jingshan Park, Old Beijing Hutong Tour, Beijing Panda House, Lama Temple, Chinese Acrobatics Show (Kung Fu Show or Peking Opera).

4-Day Beijing Sunworld Hotel Coach Tour Package --- from US$220
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Beijing Sunworld Hotel (4 star, including breakfast) accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Lusongyuan Hotel Accommodation --- from US$239
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in the most distinctive courtyard, Beijng LuSongYuan Hotel ("the most distinctive courtyard" in Beijing, located near Nanluoguxiang) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Jinqiao International Garden Apartment Accommodation --- from US$257
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in Jinqiao International Garden Apartment (4 star hotel service apartment, near Jianguomen/Beijing Railway Station area) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port (now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Wangfujing Grand Hotel Accommodation --- from US$260
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in Beijing Wangfujing Grand Hotel (5 star deluxe hotel located in Wangfujing Area) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port ( now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

Beijing to Tianjin Cruise Home Port 4-Day Group Tour Package including Beijing Sunworld Hotel Accommodation --- from US$286
Pick up from Beijing airport, stay in Beijing Sunworld Hotel (4 star deluxe hotel located in Wangfujing Area) 3 nights and 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour, then transfer to Tianjin International Cruise Home Port ( now replacing the former Xingang Port) in Tianjin.

4-Day Crowne Plaza Beijing Wangfujing Small Group Tour Package --- from US$310
Pick up from airport to hotel, join 2-day Beijing Badaling Great Wall & Forbidden City Coach Tour & Including 3-night Crowne Plaza Beijing Wangfujing (5 star, including breakfast) accommodation, then pick up from hotel to the airport.

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